For a very long period of the human history, children wore what can be called smaller
versions of adult clothing
only a minor differences that can save the kids from any hazard like strings in place
of any harmful closure. It was not before early 1800s that specific kids clothing
started to be manufactured.
Several styles were developed that were meant only for children, such as sailor's suit
and the hussar's or Eton jacket. Patterns for children's garments were now extensively made.
Different sizes of kids clothing were also introduced. Sewing machine
facilitated both, home
made as well as factory made children's apparels.
By the later 1800s, styles got typified.
with decorative laces
were made for young girls in order to give shape to their waists from early age.
Various fashion accessories were also manufactured such as stockings and kids hats. By 1900s, kids
clothing manufacturing was a well developed industry. What was most observed while making kids
clothes was comfort so that they may move without any problem no matter what they do.
Kids sleep wear
, kids jeans
and every type of fashion clothing
was there for them. Development of elastic waistbands led the way to make trousers, skirts and others such kids bottoms
trouble free and easy-to-carry by the small kids.
Invention of synthetic fabrics
advanced finishes helped in making kids garments more safe. They were now water resistant, fire resistant,
wrinkle free and so on.
Designing of Kids Clothing
Designing and pattern making is the most important part of kids cloth manufacturing.
The manufacturers have to keep themselves aware of the inherent risks and hazards
to the safety of children. Such features like drawstrings or sharp buttons or other
pose serious risk to kids' life as also the hazardous textile chemicals
(that mostly affect the soft skin of the kids leading
to rashes and allergies). To counter all these problems, quality manufacturers always
use specialty fabrics like fire-resistant and water proof fabrics. Patterns are selected
in such a manner that they do not include risk posing features. Durable fabrics do not
get destroyed as fast as the children grow. As such, features like extra-long hems and
cuffs are always included in these clothings so that they can be used for longest possible
period and then can also be handed down to younger kids.
Materials needed for kids clothing
A shoe consists of sole, insole, outsole, midsole, heel, and vamp (upper). They are the
bA very wide range of fabrics
is used for making children's
garments. Specialty fabrics
preferred for kids clothing. Some of the kids garments manufacturers design and print the
patterns themselves while some others prefer to get it from specialized suppliers. Due
to the standardized body shapes of the children, it poses no risk. Other then fabrics,
kids clothing also call for various textile accessories
for making decorated garments.
These may be lace, collars
cuffs, pockets, belts
& elbow patches and such other add-ons.
The Manufacturing Process
Kids clothing are made in various steps of cutting, sewing, assembling, decorating, and finishing.
- With the help of spreading machines, fabric is stacked on one another in reaches or lays
that may go over 100 ft (30.5 m) long and hundreds of plies (fabric pieces) thick. Markers,
made in accordance to the patterns are attached to the fabric with the help of adhesive stripping
or staples. Markers are laid in such a way so that minimum possible fabric gets wasted during
cutting operation. The fabric is then cut with the help of cloth cutting machines
suitable for the type of the cloth. These can be band cutters having similar work method like that of band saws;
cutters having rotary blades; machines having reciprocal blades which saw up and down; die
clickers similar to die or punch press; or computerized machines that use either blades or
laser beams to cut the fabric in desired shapes.
- There are what is called sewing stations for sewing different parts of the cut pieces.
In this workplace, there are many operators who perform a single operation. One operator may
make only straight seams, while another may make sleeve insets. Yet another two operators can
sew the waist seams, and make buttonholes. Various industrial sewing machines too have
different types of stitches that
they can make. These machines also have different configuration of the frame. Some machines
work sequentially and feed their finished step directly into the next machine, while the gang
machines have multiple machines performing the same operation supervised by a single operator.
All these factors decide what parts of a garment can be sewn at that station.
- Finally, the sewn parts of the garment, such as sleeves or pant legs, are assembled
together to give the final form to the kids clothing. The next operations are
those of finishing and/or decorating. Molding may be done to change the finished
surface of the garment by applying pressure, heat, moisture, or certain other
combination. Pressing, pleating
and creasing are the basic molding processes. Creasing is mostly done before other
finishing processes like that of stitching a cuff. Creasing is also done before
decorating the garment with something like a pocket, appliques, embroidered emblems
etc. Then the
finished garments are sorted based on size and packed.
Although the completed pieces of garments are checked at the quality station, yet it is a
continuous process observed during all the manufacturing stages. Textile Machinery
used for making kids
clothing are also inspected at regular intervals. Most of them have shutoffs
built into their structure and operation if they run out of threads
below the expected standards.