Ribbed fabric is manufactured with the help of a particular weave that creates ribs or raised lines on the fabric surface. Weaves are the preset patterns according to which the yarns are interlaced while weaving. The most basic weaves are plain, twill, and satin whereas the fancy weaves include pile, Jacquard, dobby, and leno among others. Rib weave is a variation of the plain weave. In rib weave, warp or filling yarns are heavier, as in dimity and bengaline. Rib weave used for making a strong ribbed fabric is characterized by fine, closely spaced, crosswise ribs. It is created with heavier filling yarns and a greater number of warp yarns which is similar to broadcloth fabrics
, which have even finer and more closely spaced ribs.
Not only weaving, ribbed fabric can be produced with the help of knitting too. In knitting, rib stitch produces alternate lengthwise rows of plain and purl stitches which allows the front and the back of the fabric look similar to each other. Knit ribbed fabric has an excellent elasticity which makes it perfect for clothing such as waistbands of garments, underwear and socks. Ribbed cotton, made by rib weave, is very popular as it can be used in a number of textile products, ranging from clothing and sports caps
to many other knitted trim
. One of the key benefits of ribbed fabric is that it is easy to clean and also lets in a healthy flow of air through the weave.