While talking of textile and textile products, an average man mostly thinks about clothing and sometimes about home furnishings plus certain commonly used products made of fabrics such as bags. It only happens rarely that someone thinks about textile as serving other industries that are not at all related to textile or fabrics. So much so that the industrialists themselves never realize how they use textile for supporting their production, in spite of using textile products day and night. This article is an effort to underline the importance of textile in almost all industries by giving an account of certain commonly prevalent but rarely thought about industrial textile products.
Not so rare at home, the tarpaulins or tarps made of water repellent fabrics are of great use to industries when it comes to cover the transportation trucks full of their manufactured products or protect their valuable movable or immovable belongings on the industry campus. Canvas tarps are generally made of some natural fiber like 100% cotton canvas. However, the current popular choice for tarpaulins is that which is made up of Polyethylene Fabric, commonly known as Poly tarps. The industries prefer it due to several reasons including cost effectiveness, convenience, beauty and flexibility.
Polyethylene tarpaulins are excellent textile products for a variety of industrial as well as home application- as covers for canopies, boat covers, car covers, gardening, storage, transportation etc. Its quality is decided by its weaving. The cross weaving of poly yarns is followed by double-sided lamination to make it strong and waterproof. As such, it is possible to make tight or loose tarpaulin according to specific requirements. Tarpaulin with a tight pattern may be identified by the greater number of cross weaves per inch, which makes it highly durable and resistant to external factors.
All types including lightweight and medium to heavy duty tarpaulins are manufactured for various purposes. However, industrial application demands heavy duty tarpaulins that are about 12 mils in thickness and around 14 by 14 mesh count. ( Thickness of poly tarps is measured in mils and mesh count is a measure of how tightly woven the poly tarp is.) Also, the industrial heavy duty poly tarpaulins have more weight, around 6 or more ounces per square yard. Grommets (holes) are also added to such a solid designed tarpaulin to which ropes can be attached for tying or suspending wherever necessary.
Wire rope slings are constructed from individual wires twisted together in order to make strands. These strands are twisted around a core to make a rope. The core is made of fiber or a wire. Fiber core is more flexible while wire core tends to be more stronger and is more resistant to heat damage. Wire rope slings are selected on certain characteristics such as strength sufficient to accommodate the maximum load that will be applied, and the ability to withstand abrasion and repeated bending. Although wire rope slings are lubricated during manufacture, they must be lubricated regularly while they are being used as it prevents or reduces corrosion and wear due to friction and abrasion.
Natural and Synthetic Fiber Rope Slings are pliant, grip the load well, and do not damage the surface of the load. As such, they are perfect to be used for expensive loads, highly finished or fragile parts, and delicate equipment. However, they should be avoided for lifting objects that have sharp edges capable of cutting the rope or where it has to be exposed to high temperatures, severe abrasion, or acids.Synthetic web slings have many advantages like strength as they can handle loads of up to 300,000 lbs; conform to any shape; hold the load with a tight, non-slip grip, do not destroy highly polished or delicate surfaces, are not affected by mildew, rot, or bacteria; resist some chemical action and abrasion; cost effective as they have long service life, absorb heavy shocks; and are unaffected by temperatures up to 180ºF. Nylon slings are best wherever there is alkaline or greasy condition but they shouldn't be used in acid solutions or where high-temperature bleach solutions are used. Instead, Dacron or Polyester slings should be used in such conditions. However, Dacron slings can't be used in alkaline conditions where nylon or polypropylene slings will suit the purpose. Polyester slings are also ideal for applications where a minimum of stretching is required.
Tents are yet another textile product that is used widely by the industries as storage facilities, sales areas, exhibition halls, weather-protected space, production and workshop facilities, airport check-in halls or waiting rooms, sports or horse riding centers, and also as a cover for building sites and protection for tipped sand or gravel, among other applications. Industrial tents, in fact, present an efficient way of enlarging space requirements without investing much of business capital in solid or steel structures.
Cotton canvas, coated and treated to make it waterproof, has been the popular choice for making tents for years. However, technological developments and innovations in the tent industry has made it possible to use a variety of fabrics for the purpose. The high performance nylon fabrics, polyester fabrics having natural capability of resisting water and deterioration resistance, polyethylene fabric – the toughest material for fabrication and other specialized UV protective tent fabrics are used for making a wide variety of beautiful and functional tents.