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Moisture Management Fabrics

Submitted by : By Natasha on November 26, 2008 5:05 AM

cycling.jpgOutdoor activities have become popular these days and cycling is the most popular outdoor activities. This is one of the reasons why the market for performance bike jersey has significantly expanded in recent years and it is expected to grow more in the coming years.

Cycling jersey was originally made from the nice and warmo wol. Although wool is good for cold conditions but it’s definitely not a good idea for heavy activities. Besides, it becomes heavy when it gets wet. The Man-made polyester fibers, which have better moisture absorption, replaced wool. Now the riders could enjoy cycling more and feel comfortable in any temperature.

According to the experts, the performance sportswear has grown 19.4% over the last four years and will continue to rise. The moisture management fabric (MMF) sportswear have been the hottest selling knitting fabric. It is expected that these moisture management fabric used mostly in making sportswear will continue growing.

One of the factor that is contributing in the growth of MMF sportswear is the well developed knitting fabric technology, skills and design capability. Due to the various research activities in the field, the manufacturers shift their attention to the high-end moisture management fabrics and continually introduce sophisticated materials, such as carbon fiber, far infrared fiber, UV-cut fiber, anti-bacteria fiber and minus ion fiber that are used in making performance sportswear, e.g. cycling jerseys . Consumers too are demanding performance apparels these days.

Although Performance jersey is great for the serious athlete but majority of the riders need performance cycling jersey due to its "comfort" factor. While biking, the riders feel hot and they also sweat. The clothings that can't breathe keep the perspiration inside the fabric itself and resultantly stick to skin. This makes the wearer uncomfortable and irritable. On the contrary, the MMF bike clothings keep the riders cooler, cleaner and drier even after long hours of cycling.

So, what is MMF?

Moisture Management Fabrics

MMF has been defined as the hygroscopic ability of fabric which helps the wearer in keeping dry. High-end moisture management fabrics are determined by the sophisticated materials such as fiber or yarn. A fiber is the smallest visible unit of any textile product. Fibers are flexible and may be spun into yarn and made into fabrics.

There are many factors that affect performance of fabrics, such as fiber shape, yarn structure, weaves' structure, density of fabric per square meter and dyeing processes. The fiber industries develop various special fibers for different purposes.

Most MMF have special knit designed structure on both the surfaces. Due to this structure, the fabric is able to transfer moisture from inner surface to outer surface and keep the skin dry. This keeps the wearer comfortable.

As MMF has become one of the key performance criteria in today’s sportswear industry, a new method called the moisture management tester is developed to evaluate textile moisture management properties. This new method can be used to quantitatively measure a fabric’s one way transport capacity and its overall moisture management capacity.

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